Cut and paste a paragraph (or more) into the text box below.
This can be used to probe in cases of suspected plagiarism. The concept
is that if one is the author of a paper and is presented with a
paragraph (or so) of that paper in "hole-ized" form, that one will be
able to fill in most or all of the words correctly. This is not because
of having the paper memorized, but because of remembering (more or less)
how one customarily writes. The remaining text provides many cues, and
the therefore the author should do well.
A person who is not the author should be able to fill in some of the words
correctly because of the cues and context. However, it is unlikely that
a non-author will do very well. If a non-author reads and re-reads the
paper enough times to get a great familiarity with it, then this test
will fail. What is the chance that the person who copies will put in
that much effort?
A version which also
gives as additional output the original text with the hole-words bold faced.