V u l p i a

Guidelines for authors

Vulpia was active from 2002 to 2012. We are not accepting any new manuscripts. Guidelines are maintained below strictly for historical purposes.

General guidelines

-Manuscripts must be submitted in English.

-Manuscripts must be double spaced throughout.

-Submission by email is preferred (with manuscripts preferably in MS Word). Alternatively, three hardcopies can be submitted to the editor.

-Papers should follow the traditional organization of abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion, acknowledgments, and literature cited. Some papers may deviate from this format as appropriate (e.g., nomenclatural notes).

-Please separate ranges of numbers by single hyphens only (e.g., 112-124). Place tables, figure legends, foot notes, and appendices, on separate pages and following the references section at the end of the manuscript. For keys, please follow a bracket format, rather than an indented format.


-Every paper should include an English abstract and may include an abstract in another language as well.

Author citations

-Follow author abbreviations as suggested by Brummitt & Powell (1992). Use the ampersand (&) between two authors. For more than two authors, use only the first one followed by et al. Do not italicize or underline the following terms: et, et al., ex, or in.

Specimen citations

-Cite the collector’s last name and number (or s.n.) and italicize. The collector's first and middle names may be omitted or provided in abbreviation (initials only) as most useful to the reader. Abbreviate the months of the year by the first three letters of the month without a period (e.g., North Carolina. Wake Co.: l mi W of Raleigh, 8 Aug 1950, Fox 1234 (NCSC).


-Omit the period when using the following abbreviations: Directions (in caps): N, S, E, W Distance: mm, dm, cm, m, km, ft, mi Months: Use first 3 letters only, Jan, Feb, Mar, etc. Roads: Hwy, Rte, St, Rd, Ave, Blvd

Literature cited

-Include all works cited in the text, citing as follows: ‘Wells and Boyce (1954) suggested […]’ or ‘[…] the most recent treatment (Liede & Täuber 1997).’

-When there are three or more authors, use only the name of the first author followed by et al. (e.g., ‘Wentworth et al. (1992a) indicated […]’).

-Arrange citations at the end of the article alphabetically and then chronologically. For multiple intra-annual publications by the same author(s), use a, b, c, etc.

-Type author's names in lower case, except for initial capitals. Only initials are necessary for author’s first and middle names. Do not separate author initials by a space.

-For titles, capitalize only the first letter of the initial word, proper nouns, and proper adjectives. For journal abbreviations, follow Botanico-Periodicum-Huntianum.

Sample literature citations

Correll, D.S and M.C. Johnston. 1979. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. University of Texas at Dallas Press, Richardson, Texas.

Gentry, A.H. 1991. Breeding and dispersal systems of lianas. In: F.E. Putz and H.A. Mooney, eds. The Biology of Vines. Cambridge University Press, New York, New York. Pp.393-423.

Liede, S. 1996. Sarcostemma (Asclepiadaceae)-a controversial generic circumscription reconsidered: Morphological evidence. Syst. Bot. 21:31-44.

Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of Chapel Hill Press, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.


-Please append all figures in a single sequence with internal scales as appropriate. Images should be submitted as tiff, jpeg, gif, or bmp files. Line drawings should be scanned at 1200dpi. If you have any questions, please contact the editor.


-In order to facilitate broader distribution of articles through various database initiatives, Vulpia will retain copyright to all articles published after 11 May 2011. However, in the spirit of open distribution, Vulpia will grant authors the non-exclusive right to redistribute or use articles they published in Vulpia as they see fit.