link to NC State University

link to Waste Management Programs, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

Animal and Poultry Waste Management Center
Campus Box 7608
Raleigh, NC 27695-7608
919.513.1762 (FAX)

Development of
Environmentally Superior Technologies:

Phase 3 Report for Technology Determinations per Agreements Between the Attorney General of North Carolina and Smithfield Foods, Premium Standard Farms, and Frontline Farmers

March 8, 2006


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Report Summary: This file includes the following:

List of Tables
List of Figures
Letter of Transmittal
1.0 Introduction and Overview
2.0 Candidate Environmentally Superior Technology Descriptions
2.1 Process Flow diagrams and Technical Performance Summaries for all EST Candidates
3.0 Determination of Technical Performance and Standards
4.0 Technology Permittability and Category or Categories of Farms
5.0 Determination of Economic Feasibility
6.0 Environmentally Superior Technology Determinations
7.0 Recommended Next Steps

Appendix A: Technology Technical Reports

A.1 AgriClean Mesophilic Digester and AgriJet Flush System

A.2 Evaluating the Performance of a "Closed-Loop" Swine Waste Treatment System

A.3 Odor Emissions Report

A.4 Pathogen Emissions Report

A.5 Nitrogen Emissions Report

Appendix B: Costs and Returns Analyses of Manure Management Systems Evaluated under the North Carolina Attorney General Agreements

B.1 AgriClean Mesophilic Digester and AgriJet Flush System

B.2 ANT Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR)

B.3 Constructed Wetlands

B.4 Environmental Technologies (Sustainable NC-Frontline Farmers)

B.5 ISSUES Aerobic Blanket System (ABS)

B.6 ISSUES Permeable Cover System (PCS)


B.8 BEST Idaho (Centralized Fluidized Bed Combustion Facility)

B.9 Gasifier (RE-Cycle)

B.10 Insect Biomass from Solids (black solider fly)

B.11 Super Soils Composting Facility

Appendix C: Engineering Subcommittee Report

Appendix D: Economics Subcommittee Report

Appendix E: Advisory Panel Membership