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Cucumber Magnolia (Magnolia acuminata)

Cucumber Magnolia is a deciduous tree that may grow 60 to 80 feet tall. The tree has alternate leaves with a smooth margin and a pale white underside. The bark is gray-brown with scaly ridges which are divided by shallow furrows. In late spring, 2.5- to 3-inch, green to greenish-yellow flowers mature high in the tree. The tree produces an aggregate of follicles which turn red at maturity in the late summer.


Twigs and buds are browsed by white-tailed deer. Seeds are eaten by birds and small mammals.

Plant Type Tree >30 feet
Leaf Type Deciduous
Deer Resistance Moderate
Regions Mountain, Piedmont
Light Full Sun, Partial Sun/Shade
Soil Moist
Bloom Times Spring
Seed Times Late Summer
Wildlife Value Seed or Nut
NC Forest ServiceNC Cooperative Extension