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House with native plants and animalsGoing Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants
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Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea)

Serviceberry is a deciduous tree that may grow 20 to 40 feet tall. The leaves are alternate with a finely toothed margin and hairy underside. The bark is smooth when young. As the tree ages, long, vertical splits and furrows develop. In spring, 5-petaled, white flowers mature. The small tree produces a red to purple berry that matures in the fall.


Host plant for Red-Spotted Purple and Viceroy butterflies. Butterflies and other insects nectar at the blooms. Fruits are eaten by songbirds, small mammals, and large mammals.

Plant Type Tree 10-30 feet
Leaf Type Deciduous
Deer Resistance Moderate
Regions Mountain, Piedmont
Light Full Sun, Partial Sun/Shade, Full Shade
Soil Moist, Dry
Bloom Times Early Spring
Seed Times Summer
Wildlife Value Fleshy Fruit, Butterfly/Insect Nectar, Butterfly Larvae Host
NC Forest ServiceNC Cooperative Extension