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House with native plants and animalsGoing Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants
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Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis)

Eastern Redbud is a deciduous tree that may grow over 30 feet tall. The leaves are alternate and heart-shaped with a smooth margin. The bark is smooth and brown in young trees. As the tree ages, scaly ridges and furrows develop. In early spring, clusters of pink to light purple flowers mature. The small tree produces a 2- to 4-inch flattened legume that contains brown seeds.


Host plant for Henry's Elfin butterfly. Butterflies and other insects nectar from the flowers. Songbirds and small mammals occasionally eat the seeds. Nitrogen-fixer.

Plant Type Tree 10-30 feet
Leaf Type Deciduous
Deer Resistance Low
Regions Mountain, Piedmont
Light Full Sun, Partial Sun/Shade
Soil Moist, Dry
Bloom Times Early Spring, Spring
Seed Times Late Summer, Fall
Wildlife Value Butterfly/Insect Nectar, Butterfly Larvae Host
NC Forest ServiceNC Cooperative Extension