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House with native plants and animalsGoing Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants
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Inkberry (Ilex glabra)

Inkberry is an evergreen shrub that may grow 5 to 10 feet tall. The leaves are alternate with a smooth or toothed margin. The bark is greenish brown and smooth. In early summer, small greenish white flowers mature. The shrub produces a black drupe that matures in the fall.


Provides winter cover. Host plant for the Henry's Elfin butterfly. Adult butterflies are attracted to the blooms. Fruits are eaten by birds and small mammals. White-tailed deer browse the leaves and twigs.

Plant Type Shrub
Leaf Type Evergreen
Deer Resistance Moderate
Regions Piedmont, Coastal Plain
Light Full Sun, Partial Sun/Shade
Soil Moist
Bloom Times Summer
Seed Times Fall
Wildlife Value Winter Cover, Fleshy Fruit, Butterfly/Insect Nectar, Butterfly Larvae Host
NC Forest ServiceNC Cooperative Extension