NC State University
House with native plants and animalsGoing Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants
Home > How to Go Native > Map Existing Site and Vegetation > Native Plants Attractive to Wildlife

Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Virginia Creeper is a deciduous vine that may ascend to a height of 50 feet. The leaves are alternate and palmately compound (5 elliptical leaflets) with coarsely toothed margin. The bark is gray-brown with aerial roots and tendrils. When rapidly growing, the aerial roots are bright orange-brown. In the summer, small, green flowers are borne in clusters. When climbing, the vine produces a blue-black berry that forms on long-stemmed clusters. The fruit matures in late summer.


Fruits are eaten by songbirds, squirrels, opossums, raccoons, and other mammals.

Plant Type Vine
Leaf Type Deciduous
Deer Resistance Moderate
Regions Mountain, Piedmont, Coastal Plain
Light Full Sun, Partial Sun/Shade, Full Shade
Soil Moist, Dry
Bloom Times Summer
Seed Times Late Summer
Wildlife Value Fleshy Fruit
NC Forest ServiceNC Cooperative Extension