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House with native plants and animalsGoing Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants
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Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)

Black-Eyed Susan is a herbaceous biennial that may grow 4 feet tall. The leaves are alternate with toothed or almost smooth margin. Some leaves may have three or more lobes. Yellow flowers with brown center sometimes orange first mature in mid summer and continue into mid fall.


Butterflies nectar at the blooms, and songbirds, especially American goldfinches, eat the seeds in the fall.

Plant Type Herb/Wildflower
Leaf Type Deciduous
Deer Resistance Moderate
Regions Mountain, Piedmont, Coastal Plain
Light Full Sun
Soil Moist, Dry
Bloom Times Summer, Late Summer
Seed Times Late Summer
Wildlife Value Seed or Nut, Butterfly/Insect Nectar
NC Forest ServiceNC Cooperative Extension