Cheating In a Technology Rich Environment
Combating Plagiarism with Technology
Henry E. Schaffer
Professor Emeritus of Genetics and Biomathematics
Coordinator of Special IT Projects & Faculty Collaboration/OIT
Interim Director Emeritus, LTS/DELTA
Does it happen?
Paper Mills YES!!!!
Shadow Scholar "The man who writes your students' papers tells his
story" - affluent students aren't limited to paper mills. :-) Might this
automated writing service put
him out of a job?
More companies in this business! The
New Cheating Economy Plagiarism and much more! (premium access
Chronicle article) Don't stop at buying the paper (see Shadow Scholar
above and below,) buy the whole course!
Overviews: Excellent Resource Pages (mostly from Libraries)
on Plagiarism (may load slowly)
Preventing, Detecting, Reporting Professional Writing Program @ NC State
Use and Ethics Lesson Plan
on Campus "Resources to Help Detect, Prevent and Avoid Classroom
Plagiarism for Teachers and Students"
AVOID THE CONSEQUENCES" a nice short description of various
types of plagiarism and a guide to proper citation of sources.
Resources for Web Plagiarism:
Prevention and Detection (no longer available at uncc.edu, this link
is to archive.org)
A cynical view of what is considered to be widespread plagiarism, and
how charges of "plagiarism" often miss the point. A short book chapter
The Appearance of Impropriety: How the Ethics Wars Have Undermined
American Government, Business, and Society by Peter W. Morgan &
Glenn H. Reynolds
Non-text Plagiarism: Computer software
Does it happen?
Academic Dishonesty in a High-Tech Environment (also includes text
cheating) - should be available through DH Hill Library
Of Software Similarity) a detection tool.
(Spotting and Neutralizing Internet Theft by CHeaters) a detection
"Outsourcing" homework? Can it
be done by hiring someone? (It appears that people have tried this, even
though this company used to exclude hiring someone for "implementing of a final
project or writing a final thesis".)
Technology and Methods
- A free challenge
with a better printout for the instructor
Yet Another version
with printout which can make it easier to evaluate
- Turnitin.com a well known
commercial service for higher ed (see some more immediately below)
Plagiarism.org an educational
resource developed by Turnitin.com
the commercial (non-edu) version of turnitin
CrossCheck "powered by
iThenticate is an initiative started by CrossRef to help its members
actively engage in efforts to prevent scholarly and professional
plagiarism." It's a project of a group of scholarly publishers.
turnitin for admissions was
a version for use by Admissions Offices used for
- "A Web-Enabled Plagiarism Detection Tool" by Colin J. Neill and Ganesh
Shanmuganthan in the Sept-Oct 2004 issue of IT Professional pp 19-23.
- SafeAssign is a plagiarism
prevention service with educational content from BlackboardTM
- CROT provides a "FREE plagiarism
detection service for your Moodle server"
- WCopyfind "an
open source windows-based program that explores a collection of
documents, looking for matching language.
- SPlat the Self-Plagiarism
Ethics of Self-Plagiarism A good description of what this is and
- Plagiarism Checker X
takes a document you have and checks sentences via "all leading search
- Free Plagiarism Checker
"Multilingual, professional, online"
Top 10 Free Plagiarism Detection Tools For Teachers
- "A cloud-based tool for assessing
originality" VeriCite (now a part of Turnitin)
- A free plagiarism detection tool
- Viper Plagiarism Scanner
has a free version
- Unicheck was UnPlag.
- Copyleaks plagiarism checker
(has a free low volume service)
- Do your own search - put quotes in a search engine
e.g., Go to Google and paste this
into the search box: "many facets to understanding plagiarism"
find this web page near the top of the search results. (Plus some more
of my web pages on this topic.)
- While any web search engine can be used to search the web,
there is a search service which emphasizes "scholarly literature,
including peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, preprints, abstracts and
technical reports from all broad areas of research." and can be used
"to find articles from a wide variety of academic publishers,
professional societies, preprint repositories and universities, ..."
This is Google Scholar, and can
be used as an additional source. Microsoft has some academic books
searchable via its Bing search engine.
Defeating Plagiarism Detection!
There are incentives to commit plagiarism which is why we see it
occurring. This led to the development of the many tools to detect
plagiarism. If plagiarism detection works to detect plagiarism, then
it becomes more difficult to get away with plagiarism. (Of course!) So
there is an incentive to develop methods to evade detection.
Unsurprisingly this has already happened, although the methods/tools
aren't advertised as having this purpose, but rather as being methods of
rephrasing or paraphrasing text to innocent purposes. E.g.
Rewriter Tool maybe this one isn't too worrisome?
Uses and Discussion
Understanding & Preventing Plagiarism - Strategies & Resources for
Students and Teacher A comprehensive review by Matt Ashare.
Actions Do Speak Louder than Words: Deterring Plagiarism with the
Use of Plagiarism-Detection Software by Bear F. Braumoeller and Brian J.
Gaines. PS: Political Science and Politics, 34:835-9 December 2001
(available through JSTOR)
Paper Mills, Anti-Plagiarism Tools, and Academic Integrity
by M. Groark, D. Oblinger and M. Choa
and Plagiarism in the University: Brief Report of a Trial in Detecting
Cheating by Johnson,D., Patton,R., Bimber,B., Almeroth,K.,
and Michaels,G. 2004 - "reports the results of a trial of
automated detection of term-paper plagiarism in a large, introductory
undergraduate class." It covers deterrance and student reactions.
Adjust Lesson Plans as Web Fuels Plagiarism
The need for care:
The Web's plagiarism police by Andy Dehnart
Is trying to detect plagiarism unethical? or illegal?
Community College creates "traffic school" for plagiarists
Strategies for Research Papers
Dumb Do They Think We Are? by Jonathan Malesic. A teacher's take on
"Guilty Until Proven Innocent: The Well-Known Secret about
Turnitin.com" is a rather hostile anti-Turnitin discussion. I can't find
it any longer, but there is a
description of this topic available.
comparison of 7 anti-plagiarism software tools by Liz Johnson
"A text similarity-based engine". A paragraph is input, and it returns
first year composition students write research papers.
short discussion of using plagiarism checkers in online learning
short discussion in the context of Computer and Information Literacy
get away with plagiarism" My discussion of ethics and plagiarism.
- How to
Avoid Plagiarism" about "Copyright, Proofing, and Tools"
- Ultimate Guide to
Copyright for Students
- Cheating Culture
Plagiarism and Academic Dishonesty are just two of the topics listed.
Plagiarism by Sharon Stoerger
resources at UIUC
Review of Plagiarism Detection Software University of Luton
undated, but probably mid-2001
to Understand, Recognize and Avoid Internet Plagiarism"
Journal for Educational Integrity "The journal provides a platform
for educators across all sectors to research issues in the
multi-disciplinary field of educational integrity."
Tutorial as part of a larger Copyright Tutorial.
in the Corporate World - with a $1 million result.
Integrity and Computer Use NCSU Office of Student Conduct
Jungle by Siva Vaidhyanathan. A discussion of legal, business,
ethical and practical aspects. (soon to be available again at
101: Detecting Plagiarized Papers
- Plagiarism and
Little Book of Plagiarism by Richard A. Posner, a noted jurist and
- EssayFraud "is a watchdog
organization that investigates hypocrisy involving plagiarism in
Theft - Are faculty/administrators innocent of plagiarism and other
- Saving Time
or Betraying Trust? discussion of U. Md. CP's discussion
in Chinese higher ed from the Chronicle (subscription required)
Against Free-Market Plagiarism Prevention" from Inside Higher Ed
and Historical Journals from the American Historical Association. A
news article "Confronting
- and Not Confronting - Plagiarism" covers an AHA panel - from
Inside Higher Ed
Procedures for Publications see Section 8.2.4 for Allegations of
Author Misconduct - which includes plagiarism
- Plagiary "A refereed online
journal ... addressing general and specific issues related to
plagiarism, fabrication, and falsification.
- A Plague of
Originality by Peter W. Morgan & Glenn H. Reynolds discusses the
dangers of overenthusiastic labelling similarities as "plagiarism".
Some background for this is at The
Appearance of Propriety by Peter W. Morgan
Ethics by Wesley E. Snyder
vs spy This represents the wrong way to work with students.
Universities' Plagiarism Policies Look a Lot Alike Was one of them
plagiarized? [available to Chronicle subscribers - may be available
through your campus library]
- Student Guide to Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism in the Classroom
and Online a discussion with links to additional resources
Talk About Plagiarism by a composition teacher
Resources on Citing: The Trademark of a Good Writer
Plague of Originality" an interesting essay diverging from some
- Some more
background on The Shadow Scholar.
And then a
darker look at The Shadow Scholar.
- New Jester Collusion
Detection Reports "the correlation and matches between Adobe PDF
and Microsoft Word documents". (only those two formats). An interesting
tool which might have some use in plagiarism checking. Not free, but
"Pay What You Want", through PayPal, starting with $1 AUD.
Copyright 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013,
2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
by Henry E. Schaffer Comments and
suggestions are welcome, and should go to email@example.com
Last modified 2/12/2018
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