Fertilization takes place in June, usually 13 months after pollination of the female cones. The cones are mature in late September or early November. Virginia pine can produce cones as early as age 3 and as late as age 80, depending on site conditions. Unlike most other pines, this pine produces seed cones in all parts of the crown, not just the upper portion. Seeds are produced every year with large cone crops every 3 or 4 years. Seeds require exposed mineral soil for successful seedling establishment, as Virginia pine is intolerant of vegetative competition and overstory shade.
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