Pinus strobus L., Sp. Pl. 1001. 1753.
Pinus strobus (L.) Small, Flora Southeast, U.S. 29, 1326. 1903.
Pinus strobus var. chiapensis Martínez, Mex. Univ. Nac. Inst. Biol. An. 11: 81, fig. 19-22. 1940.
Pinus chiapensis (Martínez) Andresen, Phytologia 10: 417. 1964.
DERIVATION: Latin word for pine cone, related to Greek strobos, whirling around, and strobilos, pine cone; according to some authors, the ancient name of an incense-bearing tree.
OTHER COMMON NAMES: white pine, northern white pine, northern pine, Weymouth pine, soft pine.
*(From Little, 1979.)
Eastern white pine is the only naturally occurring white pine tree in eastern North America. Of the pines in the United States, this tree is second only in size to sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana) which occurs on the west coast. Considered a long lived tree, this pine commonly lives to 200 years of age, and selected individuals may live to 450 years.
Human uses: Furniture, interior trim, window framing, shelving, and Christmas trees. Also grown for landscaping and stabilization of strip-mine spoils.
Animal uses: Songbirds, such as the yellow-bellied sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius), pine warbler (Dendroica pinus), and red crossbill (Loxia curvirostra), eat the seeds. A few mammals like the beaver (Castor canadensis), porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), and snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus) may also consume seeds, bark and foliage. Favorite tree for bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) nests.
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