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Tooling and machining issues are critical to optimum utilization of our nationís forest resources.  A surprisingly small amount of the total wood harvested is actually converted to finished products.  Substantial losses can be found throughout the manufacturing process.  Some estimates indicate that as little as 15 to 20 percent of the total wood volume harvested actually makes its way into wood products (measured based on saw log input volume).  Estimates indicate that up to 25% of the lumber coming into a furniture plant is lost just through the process of smoothing and dimensioning this lumber.  This problem is greatly influenced by tooling and wood machining systems employed both in the sawmill and in the rough end area of the furniture plant.  Wood machining and tooling research and education translates into improved technology for increasing productivity and improving wood resource utilization.